Discover historical treasures
Uncover Bulgaria’s diverse layers of history by exploring Sofia’s Roman ruins and Soviet architecture combined with Byzantine and Ottoman cultural influences.
Don’t miss the famous Orthodox church and an iconic symbol of the city – Alexander Nevski Cathedral. Enter the church and check out the basement to see the Crypt Museum, which boasts an impressive collection of Orthodox icons. History buffs can explore other Orthodox chapels including the 10th-century Boyana Church situated at the foot of Vitosha Mountain. A UNESCO World Heritage site, the church displays several original frescos, including one of Saint Sofia.
If you prefer ancient Roman ruins, head to the Serdika metro station to see preserved Roman houses and artifacts. The National History Museum (located in a former communist residence) offers a glimpse into Bulgarian history, displaying Thracian gold, Roman artifacts, and crowns of Bulgaria’s medieval queens and kings. Art lovers can pop into the National Gallery, which hosts exhibitions of local and international artists and sculptors.
Tip: You’ll need at least half a day to visit the history museum as it’s located on the outskirts of the city. Combine it with a visit to Boyana Church which is in the same area.